Bariatric surgery (gastric reduction surgery): It is a surgical method applied to morbidly obese individuals who have life threatening health problems. The definition of word “obese” was made by the world health organization as individuals with body mass index 30 or higher. Morbid obese refers to values of 40 and above for the same definition. Today, the number of individuals who can regain their lives with bariatric surgery is quite high. These individuals are transmitted between the stomach-brain, called leptin and ghrelin, and each individual can be seen as a disorder of hormones normally found. To correct this situation; bariatric surgery may be used if the person has a long-term diet but has no hormone imbalance and a life-threatening condition. Bariatric surgery has several methods such as gastric bypass, gastric banding and tube stomach. The most appropriate method for the person is determined after the doctor's examination.
How Is Obesity Surgery Applied?
The main purpose of this operation is to create a feeling of satiety by reducing the volume of the stomach. With the minimization of the stomach, the area where the fasting hormone, i.e., ghrelin is secreted, is removed from the stomach. Thus, fasting hormone from the stomach to the brain is reduced. As with other surgeries, the risk of complications is very low. The risk of death is very low, about 0.2%.
Obesity Surgery Methods:
Frequently asked Questions
Before deciding on this operation, you should consult to your doctor and your doctor will decide whether there is a need for such an operation. Your physician will then determine the appropriate bariatric surgery method and inform you.
It should be kept in mind that morbid obesity is a life-threatening fatal complication. These operations, like others, have a small risk of complications. However, risks and side effects have been minimized thanks to developing technology and experienced physicians.
First you should make an appointment with your doctor to discuss your operation request. If you smoke, it is recommended to stop smoking 2 months before the operation. Before these operations, a dietitian and psychologist interviews are usually recommended and a certain period of diet is applied. Heart, lung, and endocrine examinations are performed in this order. Endoscopy, upper abdominal ultrasonography, colonoscopy and mammography may be required by your doctor.